Sunday, 21 June 2009

Bernard Cornwell: Saxon Series-Sword Song - Book 4


Sword Song continues the story of Uhtred, the Saxon warrior who is a reluctant ally of Alfred the Great. This story, which occurs some five years after the events described in Lords of the North, tells how Alfred's forces evict the Danes from London. Wessex, Alfred's kingdom, has survived the great Viking assaults and now, with Uhtred as a leader, the West Saxon forces begin the campaigns of conquest that will end with a new kingdom called England

Excerpt: Prologue
Darkness. Winter. A night of frost and no moon. We floated on the River Temes, and beyond the boat's high bow I could see the stars reflected on the shimmering water. The river was in spate as melted snow fed it from countless hills. The winterbournes were flowing from the chalk uplands of Wessex. In summer those streams would be dry, but now they foamed down the long green hills and filled the river and flowed to the distant sea. Our boat, which had no name, lay close to the Wessex bank. North across the river lay Mercia. Our bows pointed upstream. We were hidden beneath the leafless, bending branches of three willow trees, held there against the current by a leather mooring rope tied to one of those branches.
There were thirty-eight of us in that nameless boat which was a trading ship that worked the upper reaches of the Temes. The ship's master was called Ralla and he stood beside me with one hand on the steering oar. I could hardly see him in the darkness, but knew he wore a leather jerkin and had a sword at his side. The rest of us were in leather and mail, had helmets and carried shields, axes, swords or spears. Tonight we would kill. Sihtric, my servant, squatted beside me and stroked a whetstone along the blade of his short sword. "She says she loves me," he told me. "Of course she says that," I said. He paused, and when he spoke again his voice had brightened, as though he had been encouraged by my words. "And I must be nineteen by now, lord! Maybe even twenty?" "Eighteen?" I suggested. "I could have been married four years ago, lord!" "But why marry a whore?" I asked him harshly. "She's . . ." Sihtric began. "She's old," I snarled, "maybe thirty? And she's addled. Ealhswith only has to see a man and her thighs fly apart! If you lined up every man who'd tupped that whore you'd have an army big enough to conquer all Britain." Beside me Ralla sniggered. "You'd be in that army, Ralla?" I asked. "Twenty times over, lord," the shipmaster said. "She loves me," Sihtric spoke sullenly. "She loves your silver," I said, "and besides, why put a new sword in an old scabbard?"
We spoke almost in whispers. The night was full of noises. The water rippled, the bare branches clattered in the wind, a night creature splashed into the river, a vixen howled like a dying soul, and somewhere an owl hooted. The boat creaked. Sihtric's stone hissed and scraped on the steel. A shield thumped against a rower's bench. I dared not speak louder, despite the night's noises, because the enemy ship was upstream of us and the men who had gone ashore from that ship would have left sentries on board. Those sentries might have seen us as we slipped downstream on the Mercian bank, but by now they would surely have thought we were long gone towards Lundene. "Look for something ripe and young," I advised Sihtric. "That potter's daughter is ready to wed. She must be thirteen." "She's stupid," Sihtric objected. "And what are you, then?" I demanded. "I give you silver and you pour it into the nearest open hole! Last time I saw her she was wearing an arm band I gave you." He sniffed, said nothing. His father had been Kjartan the Cruel, a Dane who had whelped Sihtric on one of his Saxon slaves. Yet Sihtric was a good boy, though in truth he was no longer a boy. He was a man who had stood in the shield wall. A man who had killed. A man who would kill again tonight. "I'll find you a wife," I promised him. It was then we heard the screaming. It was faint because it came from very far off, a mere scratching noise in the darkness that told of pain and death to our south. There were screams and shouting. Women were screaming and doubtless men were dying. "God damn them," Ralla said bitterly. "That's our job," I said curtly.
"We should . . ." Ralla started, then thought better of speaking. I knew what he was going to say, that we should have gone to the village and protected it, but he knew what I would have answered. I would have told him that we did not know which village the Danes were going to attack, and even if I had known I would not have protected it. We might have shielded the place if we had known where the attackers were going. I could have placed all my household troops in the small houses and, the moment the raiders came, erupted into the street with sword, axe and spear, and we would have killed some of them, but in the dark many more would have escaped and I did not want one to escape. I wanted every Dane, every Norseman, every raider dead. All of them, except one, and that one I would send eastwards to tell the Viking camps on the banks of the Temes that Uhtred of Bebbanburg was waiting for them. "Poor souls," Ralla muttered. To the south, through the tangle of black branches, I could see a red glow that betrayed burning thatch. The glow spread and grew brighter to lighten the winter sky beyond a row of coppiced trees. The glow reflected off my mens' helmets, giving their metal a sheen of red, and I called for them to take the helmets off in case the enemy sentries in the large ship ahead saw the reflected glimmer. I took off my own helmet with its silver wolf crest. I am Uhtred, Lord of Bebbanburg, and in those days I was a lord of war. I stood there in mail and leather, cloaked and armed, young and strong. I had half my household troops in Ralla's ship while the other half were somewhere to the west, mounted on horses and under Finan's command.
Or I hoped they were waiting in the night-shrouded west. We in the ship had enjoyed the easier task, for we had slid down the dark river to find the enemy, while Finan had been forced to lead his men across night-black country. But I trusted Finan. He would be there, fidgeting, grimacing, waiting to unleash his sword. This was not our first attempt in that long wet winter to set an ambush on the Temes, but it was the first that promised success. Twice before I had been told that Vikings had come through the gap in Lundene's broken bridge to raid the soft, plump villages of Wessex, and both times we had come down river and found nothing. But this time we had trapped the wolves. I touched the hilt of Serpent-Breath, my sword, then touched the amulet of Thor's hammer that hung around my neck. Kill them all, I prayed to Thor, kill them all but one. It must have been cold in that long night. Ice skimmed the dips in the fields where the river had flooded, but I do not remember the cold. I remember the anticipation. I touched Serpent-Breath continually and it seemed to me that she quivered. I sometimes thought that blade sang. It was a thin, half-heard song, a keening noise, the song of the blade wanting blood; the sword song. We waited and, afterwards, when it was all over, Ralla told me I had never stopped smiling.
I thought our ambush would fail for the raiders did not return to their ship till dawn blazed light across the east. Their sentries, I thought, must surely see us, but they did not. The drooping willow boughs served as a flimsy screen, or perhaps the rising winter sun dazzled them because no one saw us. We saw them. We saw the mail-clad men herding a crowd of women and children across a rain-flooded pasture. I guessed there were fifty raiders and they had as many captives. The women would be the young ones from the burned village, and they had been taken for the raiders' pleasure. The children would go to the slave market in London and from there across the sea to Frankia or even beyond. The women, once they had been used, would also be sold. We were not so close that we could hear the prisoners sobbing, but I imagined it. To the south, where low green hills swelled from the river's plain, a great drift of smoke dirtied the clear winter sky to mark where the raiders had burned the village. Ralla stirred. "Wait," I murmured and Ralla went still. He was a grizzled man, ten years older than I, with eyes reduced to slits from the long years of staring across sun-reflecting seas. He was a shipmaster, soldier and friend. "Not yet," I said softly, and touched Serpent-Breath and felt the quiver in the steel. Mens' voices were loud, relaxed and laughing. They shouted as they pushed their prisoners into the ship where they forced them to crouch in the cold-flooded bilge so that the overloaded craft would be stable for its voyage through the downriver shallows where the Temes raced across stone ledges and only the best and bravest shipmasters knew the channel. Then the warriors clambered aboard themselves. They took their plunder with them, the spits and cauldrons and ard-blades and knives and whatever else could be sold or melted or used. Their laughter was raucous. They were men who had slaughtered, and who would become rich on their prisoners and they were in a cheerful, careless mood. And Serpent-Breath sang soft in her scabbard.
I heard the clatter from the other ship as the oars were thrust into their rowlocks. A voice called out a command. "Push off!" The great beak of the enemy ship, crowned with a monster's painted head, turned out into the river. Men shoved oar-blades against the bank, pushing the boat farther out. The ship was already moving, carried towards us by the spate-driven current. Ralla looked at me. "Now," I said. "Cut the line!" I called, and Cerdic, in our bows, slashed through the leather rope tethering us to the willow. We were only using twelve oars and those now bit into the river as I pushed my way forward between the rowers' benches. "We kill them all!" I shouted. "We kill them all!" "Pull!" Ralla roared, and the twelve men heaved on their oars to fight the river's power. "We kill every last bastard!" I shouted as I climbed onto the small bow platform where my shield waited. "Kill them all! Kill them all!" I put on my helmet, then pushed my left forearm through the shield loops, hefted the heavy wood, and slid Serpent-Breath from her fleece lined scabbard. She did not sing now. She screamed. "Kill!" I shouted, "kill, kill, kill!" and the oars bit in time to my shouting. Ahead of us the enemy ship slewed in the river as panicked men missed their stroke. They were shouting, looking for shields, scrambling over the benches where a few men still tried to row. Women screamed and men tripped each other. "Pull!" Ralla shouted. Our nameless ship surged into the current as the enemy was swept towards us. Her monster's head had a tongue painted red, white eyes, teeth like daggers.
"Now!" I called to Cerdic and he threw the grapnel with its chain so that it caught on the enemy ship's bow and he hauled on the chain to sink the grapnel's teeth into the ship's timber and so draw her closer. "Now kill!" I shouted, and leaped across the gap. Oh the joy of being young. Of being twenty-eight years old, of being strong, of being a lord of war. All gone now, just memory is left, and memories fade. But the joy is bedded in the memory. Serpent-Breath's first stroke was a back-cut. I made it as I landed on the enemy's bow platform where a man was trying to tug the grapnel free, and Serpent-Breath took him in the throat with a cut so fast and hard that it half severed his head. His whole skull flopped backwards as blood brightened the winter day. Blood splashed on my face. I was death come from the morning, blood-spattered death in mail and black cloak and wolf-crested helmet.
I am old now. So old. My sight fades, my muscles are weak, my piss dribbles, my bones ache and I sit in the sun and fall asleep to wake tired. But I remember those fights, those old fights. My newest wife, as pious a piece of stupid woman who ever whined, flinches when I tell the stories, but what else do the old have, but stories? She protested once, saying she did not want to know about heads flopping backwards in bright spraying blood, but how else are we to prepare our young for the wars they must fight? I have fought all my life. That was my fate, the fate of all of us. Alfred wanted peace, but peace fled from him and the Danes came and the Norsemen came, and he had no choice but to fight. And when Alfred was dead and his kingdom was powerful, more Danes came, and more Norsemen, and the Britons came from Wales and the Scots howled down from the north, and what can a man do but fight for his land, his family, his home and his country? I look at my children and at their children and at their childrens' children and I know they will have to fight, and that so long as there is a family named Uhtred, and so long as there is a kingdom on this windswept island, there will be war. So we cannot flinch from war. We cannot hide from its cruelty, its blood, its stench, its vileness or its joy, because war will come to us whether we want it or not. War is fate, and wyrd bið ful ?ræd. Fate is inescapable. So I tell these stories so that my childrens' children will know their fate. My wife whimpers, but I make her listen. I tell her how our ship crashed into the enemy's outside flank, and how the impact drove that other ship's bows towards the bank. That was what I had wanted, and Ralla had achieved it perfectly. Now he scraped his ship down the enemy's flank, our impetus snapping the Dane's forward oars as my men jumped aboard, swords and axes swinging. I had staggered after that first cut, but the dead man had fallen off the platform to impede two others trying to reach me, and I shouted a challenge as I leaped down to face them. Serpent-Breath was lethal. She was, she is, a lovely blade, forged in the north by a Saxon smith who had known his trade. He had taken seven rods, four of iron and three of steel, and he had heated them and hammered them into one long two-edged blade with a leaf-shaped point. The four softer iron rods had been twisted in the fire and those twists survived in the blade as ghostly wisps of pattern that looked like the curling flame-breath of a dragon, and that was how Serpent-Breath had gained her name.
A bristle-bearded man swung an axe at me that I met with my out thrust shield and slid the dragon-wisps into his belly. I gave a fiece twist with my right hand so that his dying flesh and guts did not grip the blade, then I yanked her out, more blood flying, and dragged the axe-impaled shield across my body to parry a sword cut. Sihtric was beside me, driving his short sword up into my newest attacker's groin. The man screamed. I think I was shouting. More and more of my men were aboard now, swords and axes glinting. Children cried, women screamed, raiders died. The bows of the enemy ship thumped onto the bank's mud while her stern began to swing outwards in the river's grip. Some of the raiders, sensing death if they stayed aboard, jumped ashore, and that started a panic. More and more leaped for the bank, and it was then Finan came from the west. There was a small mist on the river meadows, just a pearly skein drifting over the iced puddles, and through it came Finan's bright horsemen. They came in two lines, swords held like spears, and Finan, my deadly Irishman, knew his business and galloped the first line past the escaping men to cut off their retreat and let his second line crash into the enemy before he turned and led his own men back to the kill. "Kill them all!" I shouted to him, "kill every last one!" A wave of a blood-reddened sword was his reply. I saw Clapa, my big Dane, spearing an enemy in the river's shallows. Rypere was hacking his sword at a cowering man. Sihtric's sword hand was red. Cerdic was swinging an axe, shouting incomprehensibly as the blade crushed and pierced a Dane's helmet to spill blood and brains on the cowering prisoners. I think I killed two more, though my memory is not certain, though I do remember pushing a man down onto the deck and, as he twisted round to face me, sliding Serpent-Breath into his gullet and watching his face distort and his tongue pritrude from the blood welling past his blackened teeth. I leaned on the blade as the man died and watched as Finan's men wheeled their horses to come back at the trapped enemy. The horsemen cut and slashed, Vikings screamed and some tried to surrender. One young man knelt on a rower's bench, axe and shield discarded, and held his hands to me in supplication. "Pick up the axe," I told him, speaking Danish.
"Lord . . ." he began. "Pick it up!" I interrupted him, "and watch for me in the Corpse Hall." I waited till he was armed, then let Serpent-Breath take his life. I did it fast, showing mercy by slicing his throat with one quick scraping drag. I looked into his eyes as I killed him, saw his soul fly, then stepped over his twitching body that slipped off the rower's bench to collapse bloodily in the lap of a young woman who began to scream hysterically. "Quiet!" I shouted at her. I scowled at all the other women and children screaming or weeping as they cowered in the bilge. I put Serpent-Breath into my shield hand, took hold of the mail collar of the dying man, and heaved him back onto the bench. One child was not crying. He was a boy, perhaps nine or ten years old, and he was just staring at me, mouth agape, and I remembered myself at that age. What did that boy see? He saw a man of metal, for I had fought with the face plates of my helmet closed. You see less with the plates hinged across the cheeks, but the appearance is more frightening. That boy saw a tall man, mail clad, sword bloody, steel faced, stalking a boat of death. I eased off my helmet and shook my hair loose, then tossed him the wolf-crested metal. "Look after it, boy," I told him, then I gave Serpent-Breath to the girl who had been screaming. "Wash the blade in river water," I ordered her, "and dry it on a dead man's cloak." I gave my shield to Sihtric, then stretched my arms wide and lifted my face to the morning sun. There had been fifty four raiders and sixteen still lived. They were prisoners. None had escaped past Finan's men. I drew Wasp Sting, my short sword that was so lethal in a shield wall fight when men are pressed close as lovers. "Any of you!" I looked at the women, "who wants to kill the man who raped you, then do it now!"
Two women wanted revenge and I let them use Wasp Sting. Both of them butchered their victim. One stabbed repeatedly, the other hacked, and both men died slowly. Of the remaining fourteen men, one was not in mail. He was the enemy' shipmaster. He was grey haired with a scanty beard and brown eyes that looked at me belligerently. "Where did you come from?" I asked him. He thought about refusing to answer, then thought better. "Beamfleot," he said. "And Lundene?" I asked him. "The old city is still in Danish hands?" "Yes." "Yes, lord," I corrected him "Yes, lord," he conceded. "Then you will go to Lundene," I told him, "and then to Beamfleot, and then to anywhere you wish, and you will tell the northmen that Uhtred of Bebbanburg guards the River Temes. And you will tell them they are welcome to come here whenever they wish." That one man lived. I hacked off his right hand before letting him go. I did it so he could never wield a sword again. By then we had lit a fire and I thrust his bleeding stump into the red hot embers to seal the wound. He was a brave man. He flinched when we cauterised his stump, but he did not scream as his blood bubbled and his flesh sizzled. I wrapped his shortened arm in a piece of cloth taken from a dead man's shirt. "Go," I ordered him, pointing downriver. "Just go." He walked eastwards. If he was lucky he would survive the journey to spread the news of my savagery. We killed the others, all of them.
"Why did you kill them?" My new wife asked once, distaste for my thoroughness evident in her voice. "So they would learn to fear," I answered her, "of course." "Dead men can't fear," she said. I try to be patient with her. "A ship left Beamfleot," I explained, "and it never went back. And other men who wanted to raid Wessex heard of that ship's fate. And those men decided to take their swords somewhere else. I killed that ship's crew to save myself having to kill hundreds of other Danes." "The Lord Jesus would have wanted you to show mercy," she said, her eyes wide. She is an idiot. Finan took some of the villagers back to their burned homes where they dug graves for their dead while my men hanged the corpses of our enemies from trees beside the river. We made ropes from strips torn from their clothes. We took their mail, their weapons and their arm-rings. We cut off their long hair, for I liked to caulk my ships' planks with the hair of slain enemies, and then we hanged them and their pale naked bodies twisted in the small wind as the ravens came to take their dead eyes. Fifty three bodies hung by the river. A warning to those who might follow. Fifty three signals that other raiders were risking death by rowing up the Temes. Then we went home, taking the enemy ship with us. And Serpent-Breath slept in her scabbard.

Suggestions for Further Reading.
A note from the author: I'm not listing every book here - some of them are very technical or obscurely academic. The two essential primary sources are 'The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle' and Bishop Asser's 'Life of Alfred'. More accessible are:


Book Title: The Viking Art of War
Author: Paddy Griffith
Greenhill, of course, are specialist military publishers and this is an exhaustive account of how the Vikings operated, the weapons they used and the mayhem they caused




Book Title: The Oxford Illustrated History of the Vikings
Author: Peter Sawyer
A survey of the history of the Northmen, full of good tales and wonderfully illustrated.




Book Title: The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Anglo-Saxon England
Author: John Blair, Michael Lapidge, Editors
Over five hundred pages with everything, or nearly everything, you ever wanted to know about the Anglo Saxons.



Book Title: The Anglo Saxons
Author: edited by James Campbell
This is the best general history of the Anglo Saxon period of England. It's written by various historians and is beautifully illustrated.




Book Title: Bloodfeud, Murder and Revenge in Anglo-Saxon England
Author: Richard Fletcher
The events described in this compelling book occurred long after Alfred's reign, but I include the book because it's full of good material about the Anglo-Saxons and because the chief victim of the bloodfeud was my ancestor, Uhtred, who is, presumably, a descendant of the Uhtred in the novels


Book Title: Alfred, Warrior King
Author: John Peddie
Before John Peddie became a writer he was a soldier, and he brings combat experience and a soldier's sensibilities to Alfred's career. There is, inevitably, much speculation about the campaigns against the Danes because the sources are scanty, but Peddie's solutions are always sensible and the story is full of excitement.

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