Wednesday, 24 June 2009

County Hampshire Rivers 2

River Beaulieu looking up river at Pottern Ford

The Beaulieu River (pron. /ˈbjuːli/) is a small river flowing south through the New Forest in the county of Hampshire in southern England. The river is some 12 miles (19 km) long, of which the last 4 miles (6.4 km) are tidal. Unusually, the entire river, including its bed, is owned by Lord Montagu of Beaulieu.
The Beaulieu River rises near Lyndhurst in the centre of the New Forest, and flows south-easterly across the forest heaths to the village of Beaulieu. At Beaulieu the river becomes tidal and once drove a tide mill in the village.

River Beaulieu at Bucklers Hard

Below Beaulieu the tidal river continues to flow through the forest, passing the village of Bucklers Hard and entering the sea through the Solent.
The tidal river below Beaulieu village is navigable to small craft. Bucklers Hard was once a significant shipbuilding centre, building many wooden sailing ships, both merchant and naval and including Nelson's Agamemnon

The River Anton is a river in the English county of Hampshire. It is a tributary of the River Test.
The river rises just to the north of the town of Andover, and flows through the centre of the town. It then flows in a southerly direction through the villages of Upper Clatford, Goodworth Clatford and Cottonworth before joining with the River Test just below Chilbolton. It is a chalk stream with high quality water and supports a wide variety of wildlife. The river is the subject of the "River Anton Enhancement Strategy" A partnership with several agencies and local organisations to improve the River

The River Blackwater is a river in the English counties of Hampshire and Wiltshire. It is a tributary of the River Test.
The river rises just to the east of the Wiltshire village of Redlynch. It then flows east across the county boundary into Hampshire. Here it flows north of the village of Wellow and Wigley before joining the Test between Totton and Redbridge.
This River Blackwater should not be confused with the River Blackwater in north-east Hampshire, which is a tributary of the River Loddon and (indirectly) of the River Thames.
Another similarly named waterway in Hampshire is Black Water. Black Water is a small stream which flows eastwards across the New Forest, passing under Rhinefield Ornamental Drive, before joining Ober Water and Highland Water just north of Brockenhurst to form the Lymington River

River Ems is a river in England with its source at grid reference SU808122 about ½ a mile east of Stoughton, West Sussex and its mouth at Emsworth, Hampshire. It is named after the town of Emsworth rather than vice versa. The total length is a little over six miles.
The Ems flows south west through Walderton. This section of the river bed may be dry in summer. At Walderton the Ems flows parallel to the B2146, past Racton Monument and through the village of Westbourne from where it flows south to pass under the railway at Emsworth, through Brook Meadow to the slipper Mill pond from where it discharges into the sea at the head of Emsworth Channel in Chichester Harbour

Chichester Harbour

Chichester Harbour is a large natural harbour to the south west of the city of Chichester on the Solent. It straddles the boundary of West Sussex and Hampshire. Geographically it is a ria. It is one of four natural harbours in that area of the coastline, the others being Portsmouth Harbour, Langstone Harbour and Pagham Harbour

The Southern River Dun (one of two short rivers of that name rising in Wiltshire, England) flows east into Hampshire as a tributary of the River Test.
The River Dun rises in Wiltshire to the south-east of Salisbury near West Grimstead and flows east into Hampshire as a tributary of the River Test at Kimbridge, ultimately draining to the Solent.
The valley of the Dun is followed by the Southampton to Salisbury railway.

The Northern River Dun (one of two short rivers of that name rising in Wiltshire, England) flows into Berkshire to join the River Kennet.
The River Dun rises near Great Bedwyn, Wiltshire and flows north-east into Berkshire as a tributary of the River Kennet at Hungerford, ultimately draining to the North Sea via the Thames.
The valley of the Dun has been used as an important transport route through the high chalklands between the London Basin to the east and the Vale of Pewsey to the west. It is the route by which the Kennet and Avon Canal (linking London and Bristol) enters the Thames basin from the Vale of Pewsey, crossing the watershed with the assistance of the Bruce Tunnel and the Crofton Pumping Station. It is also followed by the later main line railway from London to the south-west.

The River Rother is a river which flows for thirty miles from Empshott in Hampshire to Stopham in West Sussex, where it joins the River Arun. It should not be confused with the River Rother, in East Sussex.
The river's lower section, below Midhurst, was made navigable in 1794 and closed to trade in 1888, being formally abandoned in 1936. It was connected to Petworth by the short Petworth Canal, 1.25 miles (2.01 km) long with two locks before terminating at Haslingbourne.
The river is partially fed by springs in the scarp slope of the chalk strata of the South Downs which flow at a constant volume and temperature throughout the year. This gives a more stable summer flow than is found in the upper reaches of the River Arun, which drains more clay soils. This steady flow powered several watermills along the river. The flour mill at Coultershaw, south of Petworth continued in operation until the 1960s, still partially water powered and collecting imported bread wheat from nearby Petworth railway station, which was then still open for goods only.
The character of the river is currently changing as Himalyan Balsam (Impatiens) spreads rapidly through the river system. This is a highly invasive weed which suppresses native species and reduces biodiversity.

The river takes its name from Rotherbridge, not the other way round. Rotherbridge is derived from the Anglo-Saxon Redrebruge, meaning cattle bridge, which was also the name of the Saxon Hundred or administrative group of parishes. Before this the river was known as the Scir

River Lymington with New Forest Ponies grazing

The Lymington River is a small river in the south of England, flowing through the New Forest into the Solent at the town of Lymington. The river has a total length of 30 km, although above the point where it leaves the Crown lands of the New Forest at Brockenhurst it is known as the Highland Water. It flows from OS grid reference 244115 to 304031.

The River Hamble is a river in Hampshire, England. It rises near Bishop's Waltham and flows for some 7.5 miles (12 km) through Botley, Bursledon and Swanwick before entering Southampton Water near Hamble-le-Rice and Warsash.
The Hamble is tidal for approximately half its length and is navigable in its lower reaches, which have facilitated shipbuilding activities since medieval times. Leisure craft are still built there today.
The river, and its shibuilding yards, have also been used for military purposes, particularly during World War II. Its lower reaches are now very popular for boating, being known throughout the sailing world as The Heart of British Yachting

Bishops Waltham to Botley (non-tidal) Medieval shipbuilding site on the River Hamble

Medieval shipbuilding site on the River Hamble The Yellow X marks the site of the wreck of HMS Grace Dieu

River Hamble Estuary
From its source near Bishop's Waltham, the river flows in a generally southerly direction picking up several small tributary streams before reaching Botley, the site of an ancient watermill.

River Hamble Creek where they built Medieval Boats

Botley to Bursledon (tidal) - Historic sites
Below Botley, the river becomes tidal and navigable. It gains strength from adjoining streams, draining the surrounding areas of Hedge End, Curdridge, Shedfield and Burridge.
This section has been extensively used for medieval shipbuilding, using timber grown locally in the neighbouring woods. Nearby Kings Copse, formerley Kings Forest, indicates the former importance of this area.
The rivers west bank can be accessed from Manor Farm Country Park, where it is possible to walk through Dock Copse and Fosters Copse. At extreme low tide, it is just possible to see the remains of the wreck of Henry V's 15 century warship HMS Grace Dieu. This section of the river was also home to HMS Cricket during World War II.
Some 2 miles (3 km) south of Botley, the river passes between the villages of Bursledon and Lower Swanwick and is crossed by the M27 motorway, the Portsmouth to Southampton railway line and the A27 road on three substantial bridges.
Bursledon to Hamble (tidal) - Modern playground
A further 2 miles (3 km) south of Bursledon, the river flows between the villages of Hamble-le-Rice and Warsash before entering Southampton Water.
A passenger ferry crosses the river between Hamble-le-Rice and Warsash, forming an important link in the Solent Way and E9 European Coastal Path. The river is also the location for several large marinas, the largest being the Port Hamble Marina and boat yards, situated on both banks as far upstream as Bursledon

River Hamble Creek

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