Saturday, 1 August 2009

Gloucestershire Rivers


The River Cam is a small river in Gloucestershire, England.

The River Cam flowing through Cambridge, Gloucestershire

The river rises on the Cotswold escarpment above the village of Uley, and flows through Dursley, Cam and Cambridge to the Gloucester and Sharpness Canal as a feeder to that waterway. Upstream from the town of Dursley the river is known as the River Ewelme.
Before the canal was opened in 1827, the Cam flowed into the River Severn at Frampton Pill, Frampton on Severn.

The River Churn is one of the Cotswold rivers that feeds into the River Thames catchment.

River Churn at Bouton Meadow

It arises at Seven Springs (on the A436 road) near Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England and flows south across the Cotswold dip slope, passing through Cirencester and joining the River Thames near Cricklade in Wiltshire. Its length from source to confluence with the Thames is considerably greater than the Thames itself from source to the same confluence but, historically, the Churn is a regarded as a tributary. The length of the River Churn is approximately 25 kilometres.
The name Churn is ancient, certainly pre-Roman and probably has its origins in the Celtic language, spoken by the Dobunni tribe, who controlled the area before the Roman conquest in the 1st Century. The original name may have sounded similar to Korinn. It has been suggested that the origin of the word is associated with the ancient British Cornovii tribe.
Cognate names and name elements from the area are Cerney, Ciren and Corin as found in the villages of North Cerney, South Cerney, and Cerney Wick, modern Cirencester, and the Roman town name Corinium. All these places are on or close to the River Churn.
The Aquaduct over the River Churn replaced by wooden Footbridge

The Coln and the Thames both feed the waters of the Western component of the Cotswold Water Park, which is made up of redundant gravel beds and is situated between Cirencester and Cricklade.
Much of the catchment basin of the River Churn is known to have been an important Roman settlement area in the second to fourth centuries AD. Literature references in Ptolemy as well as architectural finds at Cirencester, Calcot Manor and other locations produce abundant evidence of not only settlement by also an advanced road system.
As of the year 2006 the national government is engaged in a planning study to analyse methods of mitigating future flooding associated with the River Churn

The River Coln is a river in Gloucestershire, England. It rises at Charlton Abbotts, Gloucestershire southeast of Cheltenham, and flows through the Cotswold Hills, via Bibury, Coln St Aldwyns and Fairford, southeast to the River Thames. It joins the Thames at Lechlade, Gloucestershire, where it shares a confluence with the Thames and Severn Canal, by The Round House Footbridge.




River Coln at Bilbury
Travellers from Highworth to Lechlade pass over the River Thames (at Halfpenny Bridge), which is controlled by traffic lights just South of Lechlade.
Extensive gravel pits that are now redundant, lying between Fairford and Lechlade, form the Eastern component of the Cotswold Water Park, which is fed and drained by the Coln.
The river is host to many species of freshwater fish including brown trout and grayling.

The Bybrook is a river that springs up near Marshfield in Gloucestershire. It flows through villages such as Burton, Castle Combe, Ford, and Box in Wiltshire. And it finally merges with the River Avon in Batheaston in Somerset. In places it is popular for trout fishing.
The river has given its name to the ByBrook Benefice, a group of 10 Anglican Churches in the Diocese of Bristol.




River Evenlode near its source at Moreton-in-Marsh

The River Evenlode is a river in England which is a tributary of the Thames in Oxfordshire. It rises near Moreton-in-Marsh, Gloucestershire in the Cotswold Hills and flows south-east passing near Stow-on-the-Wold, Bladon, and Eynsham, and its valley provides the route of the southern part of the Cotswold Line.

Kings Lock

The River Evenlode passes through many villages and towns in Oxfordshire including Ascott-under-Wychwood, Chadlington, Charlbury and Cassington. The river joins the Thames several miles down river from Cassington on the reach above King's Lock 3 miles (5 km) north-west of Oxford.
The river is largely privately owned, used for fishing and other leisure activities. The Environment Agency has undertaken restoration work, as of 2008, to recover from the effects of excessive dredging. Powered craft are not allowed on the river. Hillaire Belloc commemorated the river in some of his poetry.

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